Predator-Friendly Prairie Landlords

People say they love nature, but as Dan often points out, “People like nature when it doesn’t smell, poop, or bite.”  More consumers are voting for nature with their purchases and look to companies like Wild Idea Buffalo Co. who offer products that are sustainably produced.  Although meat is the by-product of our healthy buffalo herds, our real product is actually prairie conservation that embraces and helps sustain all creatures great and small, including those that smell, poop, and bite.

Our love of nature includes a native habitat that is (or could be) home for prey and predators alike - including the great predators that have been extirpated or that have taken refuge in the mountains away from the pressing force of the greatest predator of all, humans.

Michael Forsberg Grizzly BearPrior to human pressures, grizzly bears roamed the prairies too. Although 90 percent of their diet is vegetation, they are considered omnivores. A theory for why bison usually avoid riparian zones (wooded creek bottoms) is that grizzly bears love to hang out there. Although bears have the ability to kill a healthy bison, they typically prey on the weak or young. Bison herds are great defenders of their members. But at one time, they were important regulators of other populations of ungulate species. Our sourcing partners in Montana work harmoniously with all of the larger predators, as they know how important they are to the overall ecosystem. We would welcome grizzlies too, if they would ever return to the Cheyenne River.  

prairie wolfBy 1930, wolves had been deliberately exterminated from the western United States due to the killing of the domesticated livestock that replaced the bison. Although the bison numbers had already hit their all-time low, the elimination of the wolves allowed the elk and deer populations to explode, causing overgrazing in areas such as Yellowstone National Park. Wolves are critical to an ecosystem, especially in keeping large ungulates' populations in check. Because wolves hunt in packs they are more of a threat to bison than bears, but they too prefer smaller ungulates, such as elk or deer who offer a better chance for a risk-free meal. Wolves are occasionally spotted in western South Dakota but there are no known packs in the state. We wish there were.

MOUNTAIN LIONDeer hunters on our ranches report Mountain Lions regularly, yet with all our accumulated outdoor hours, we have only seen tracks. Our Cheyenne River banks would be a great habitat for them, but they are commonly found in the adjacent Black Hills, where there is enough of them that the State Game Fish and Parks issue licenses to keep their numbers in check. We are hopeful for their return in force.

coyote On our ranch, Coyotes are in abundance. This is perhaps due to the lack of the larger predators mentioned above. Their numbers are unsustainably high, which can often encourage disease. Although there are stories of bison kills, they prefer the leftovers of animals taken by a larger predator, or smaller prey, such as prairie dogs, which they help keep in balance.  

FOXRed Fox and Swift Fox also call the prairie their home and it is a treat if you have the opportunity to see them. Loss of prairie habitat to cropland and federal eradication of Prairie Dogs through a poisoning program has put a lot of stress on these animals. But they survive and also help with controlling small animal populations.

bobcatIf you are ever lucky enough, you might see a Bobcat. They are very elusive, and their beautiful multi-colored coat helps to keep them out of sight. They are terrific killers of their prey, which is mostly rabbits and other small animals or birds. They have been known to take down small deer, as well as domestic lambs and chickens but are too small to hurt our bison, though Dan has seem them standing close to the herd, looking on with longing.

Prairie Rattle SnakesSnakes, and particularly the prairie Rattle Snake are great controllers of rodents, prairie dogs, and rabbits, but also consume ground nesting birds and other small animals. The rattle snakes have a distinctive rattle that alerts you to their presence, and warns you not to approach. But sadly, and too often, the rattle gives the snakes location away and the snake is met with a shovel. Scientists are learning that this selection is muting the rattle and so, making the snakes more dangerous.

michael forsbergThousands of Hawks, Owls, and Eagles move through the ranch during spring and fall migrations and eleven species nest in the native grass and woody draws. They are mostly rodent eaters but some eat birds, cottontail rabbits, jackrabbits, prairie dogs, and snakes. Golden and Bald Eagles catch and eat everything up to the size of small deer and antelope, and are always on the lookout for carrion scattered across the prairie.

Michael Forsberg Ferret PhotoAnd there are also the forgotten, low profile predators on our ranch: raccoons, skunks, weasels, badgers, shrews, and the occasional black footed ferret. These are mostly night marauders and often go undetected. But they are out there, doing their part to keep things in balance.

Wild Idea Buffalo Co. manages their land for conservation and species diversity. We are not selective in what those species are. All of the above creatures evolved together and many have been here for many tens of thousands of years. Although we are the new residents and temporary "landlords", it is a question of respect and we at Wild Idea give that respect gladly.

The amazing photographs in this story were taken by nature and conservation photographer, Michael Forsberg. For more of Michael's work go here.

Or, to see Michael in action, check out this short, powerful 2-minute video here.

To learn more on the reintroduction of wolves in Yellowstone, go here.

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  • I hear cow/goat/sheep ranchers where I live talk about killing predators (mostly mountain lions) to keep their herds safe. Do you find this type of management not necessary with Buffalo because few predictors want to mess with them ? What about during calfing season ? Do ranchers ever mix Buffalo with smaller ungulates for protection ? In Yellowstone I noticed mama/baby pronghorns hanging out near the Buffalo herds, ostensibly for protection . Always fun to learn more about how our food is grown , thanks !

    Megan K
  • Thank you, I will take as many articles illuminating “where food comes from” as I can get! Interesting that you mention that you have partners in Montana…I’m assuming that probably means breeding stock? I had always just assumed that most of your herds came from South Dakota, Custer State Park, etc.

    An important but overlooked benefit from predators these days is that they help to keep Chronic Wasting Disease positivity lower in wild cervids. Canids are thought to be invulnerable to the disease, as well as bison (based on genome analysis) and probably pronghorn antelope. (The jury is still out on humans!) But every year, the disease spreads to new wild deer and elk herds throughout the entire West and Midwest. Large open functional ecosystems like yours will hopefully help in some small way to counter that trend.

  • I believe your worst predator threat will be human poachers. After all , humans are about the only predator that kills for sport and ego! Poachers are the worst threat to large animals in the world.

    K. Wayne Wright
  • I love these articles. Funny how people will immediately concede the need for balance in their own lives but not want it on a world scale.I can’t get my head around the mindset that people are smarter than nature. In New England they brought in Fisher Cats to take out the porcupine (don’t get me started). Turns out Fishers love to eat pine martens. Pine Martens would burrow under the snow to eat rodents all winter. Without them the rodent population is soaring. Meanwhile we have plenty of Fisher Cats which are not afraid of anything—especially children.

    Michael Barnhart
  • Beautiful and powerful. Thank you – for the photos, images and the essay. They speak to the heart and imagination – so needed!

    The Reverend Tom Carr
  • I enjoy occasionally seeing a swamp cat, puma, cougar and small black bear. Our coyotes have Red Wolf dna, are very beautiful, and here in Northern Louisiana there’s no shortage of “wild animals.” Throw into the mix, alligators and nutria and we have a good assortment encluding the rare sightings of a black panther in the cypress groves! We love our animals and every part of the United States is unique. Long live the guardians of the wild life.

    Roxanne Fox
  • Thank you for this educational post. It is amazing how the Original Peoples of this Turtle Island could manage just fine with all these “scary beasts” for centuries, and then the “civilized Europeans” arrived and things have gone downhill since then. I am hopeful that we of European descent are waking up, thanks to the Water Protectors at Standing Rock rez.

    Marta Holmes
  • Another excellent photo essay! Actually a baby lynx in upstate New York. I hope the Prarie’s will continue to rebound- keep up the good work.

    David Caputo
  • My heart breaks with you. My prayer is that you have the power and the ability to make this change,

  • Thanks so much, I will not buy beef or mutton because of the lasting legacy of public lands ranching. A very small number of ranchers dictate what animals will be allowed on OUR public lands this includes predators and wild bison. I love Wild Idea Buffalo even more after your article, this is how our wild lands need to be managed.

    Emil Stockton
  • I enjoyed reading the article about predators. Living in southern Arizona we have many of the same predators. Large cats and bears are our main predators. In the Santa Rita mountains just 15 miles south of where we live it is a joy to know that the largest cat is back. The jaguar. Two are now living in the mountains. For close to a century they were gone, but these two exquisite and reclusive felines returned without the help of humans.
    This tells us if given the freedom and having opportunity, that nature will heal imbalances caused by man and the circle of life will continue and flourish. We (mankind) are part and parcel of the circle and respecting nature’s continuous cycle benefits all life on Mother Earth.

    Linda Raybern
  • You have ferrets on the ranch? Fantastic! Were they specifically reintroduced there or have they wandered in from the National Grasslands?

    With a bit of benign neglect, the predators will fill places in. It mainly seems to take a lack of persecution, and an overabundance of prey species caused by lack of predation.

    Out here in the eastern suburbs, certain predators are making a big comeback (or in the case of Coyotes, have arrived for the first time). In our yard, we frequently see red fox, and they den up behind us. We see the kits every spring, they will come quite close to the house. We also have year-round red-tail and cooper’s hawks, and have seen sharp-shins, broad wings, merlins, kestrels, and the occasional bald eagle and Osprey. Also great horned, barn, and eastern screech owls on occasion. At the local green acres there are documented bobcats, fisher cats, and breeding black bears. People living in sight of all of these make a daily commute to NYC.

    I should add that the predators appreciate the obliviousness of their human neighbors, It is amazing how little that something in plain sight is actually seen.

    Grant Price
  • These images show the natural world in a way that many have not seen. It is easy to think about animals as long as they can be domesticated, but we have been given dominion over the animals. That does not mean we must destroy them; it means that we must learn to live with them. Unfortunately, there are those who want to eliminate all animals. Thanks for the newsletter and the images. Kathy

    Kathy Pickrell
  • Thank you!! Idiots are back in power, heading agencies they wish to deny and abolish. We have been here before. Just amazing. We must stand for wisdom and science, see that they prevail, and be responsible for the vast knowledge we possess. Gina O.

    Gina Obrien
  • Dan, love the newsletter and your work. Is it a good idea to regularly cull coyotes? I would prefer trying to coexist but we have calves, barn cats, and turning our crop acres into prairie, right up to the house. This farming community wants zero. There has got to be a happy medium, just trying to figure that out. The coyotes do occasionally come in next to the house at this point. When we have calves we do scare them away but the cows do a darn good job themselves. I would appreciate your experience and advice.


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